Diversity in the US Population & the Pipeline to Legal Careers

Sex 

Sex US Population 2017 Bachelor’s Degrees Conferred 2016–2017 ABA Applicants 2018 ABA Matriculants 2018 JD Degrees 2017–2018 Lawyers 2018
Male 49.2% 42.7% 45.3% 46.5% N/A 62.6%
Female 50.8% 57.3% 53.4% 52.9% N/A 37.4%

Race/Ethnicity

Race/Ethnicity US Population 2017 Bachelor’s Degrees Conferred 2016–2017 ABA Applicants 2018 ABA Matriculants 2018 JD Degrees 2017–2018 Lawyers 2018
White 60.7% 61.1% 62.5% 70.4% 61.4% 88.0%
Black 12.5% 10.0% 14.7% 9.7% 8.5% 5.5%
Hispanic
(including Puerto Rican)
18.1% 12.9% 16.2% 14.1% 11.9% 6.1%
Asian/Pacific Islander 5.8% 7.4% 11.5% 10.5% 6.8% 4.9%
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.7% 0.5% 2.3% 1.9% 0.6% N/A

Notes About This Data

  • US Population: White, Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/AK Native counts are of non-Hispanics indicating only one race.
  • Bachelor’s Degrees Conferred: Bachelor's degrees conferred by degree-granting institutions.
  • ABA Applicants: Data use maximum reporting for race/ethnicity and include data for all terms excluding deferrals.
  • ABA Matriculants: Data use maximum reporting for race/ethnicity and include data for all terms excluding deferrals.
  • Lawyers: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic may be of any race.

Sources

  • US Population: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (PEPSR6H)- 2017
  • Bachelor’s Degrees Conferred: National Center for Education Statistics’ Digest of Education Statistics: 2018; Table 322.20
  • ABA Applicants: Law School Admission Council, National Decision Profile
  • ABA Matriculants: Law School Admission Council, National Decision Profile
  • JD Degrees: American Bar Association
  • Lawyers: Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2018 Current Population Survey

Table prepared by the Law School Admission Council.