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Official Guide to Canadian JD Programs78 Queen’s Park, Toronto, ON M5S 2C5, Canada
The Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto offers unparalleled opportunities for the study of law. The Faculty is committed to creating a genuine intellectual community in which each of its members—students and professors alike—work closely in developing a deep, critical understanding of the strengths and limitations of law and legal institutions. Our students are highly educated, extremely diverse, and deeply committed to justice at home and around the world. Academically, they are the strongest student body in the country and are among the top in North America. Students come to our law school with an extraordinary mix of racial, cultural, and socioeconomic backgrounds and experiences; intellectual interests; and political commitments. The relatively small size of our student body, combined with its diversity, affords distinctive opportunities for the exchange of ideas among students and faculty, and fosters a sense of community at the law school.
JD Student Body in 2017–2018
- 2,199 first-year applicants
- 201 first-year students
- 635 total full time
- 3 half time
- 11 percent identify as LGBTQ or two-spirited
- 34 percent minority
- 48 percent women
- 75 percent were born in Canada
- 80 percent are first in their family to attend law school
- More than 50 undergraduate schools represented
- 65 full time
- 146 part time or adjunct
- 8 distinguished visitors
More than 60 full-time faculty members and visiting scholars from across the globe create an intellectually robust and exciting academic environment for the study of law. Internationally renowned for their research excellence, faculty members have published ground-breaking books with major academic publishing houses and leading articles in important national and international journals. Our interdisciplinary strength and intellectual diversity is reflected in many ways: in the breadth and innovation of our curriculum, in the range of our collaborative and combined programs, and in the vibrant academic workshops and lecture series held each year. The sheer size of our teaching complement supports a faculty-to-student ratio of 1:11—one of the best among law schools in North America.
- Degrees and combined degrees available—JD (full time and half time), JD/MBA, JD/MSW, JD/MI, JD/PhD (Philosophy), JD/PhD (Economics), JD/PhD (Political Science), JD/MGA (Global Affairs), JD/MA (European and Russian Affairs), JD/MA (Criminology), JD/MA (Economics), JD/Certificate in Environmental Studies, JD/MA (English), JD/MI (Information Studies), JD/Certificate in Jewish Studies, JD/MPP (Public Policy), JD/Certificate in Aboriginal Legal Studies, JD/Certificate in Sexual Diversity Studies
The first-year curriculum includes those courses that are common to many law school curricula: Constitutional Law; Contracts Law; Criminal Law; Property Law; Torts; Legal Process, Professionalism, and Ethics; and Legal Research and Writing. Several other features make our first-year program special. Each first-year law student takes one of the core courses in a small-group class of no more than 20 students. UofT also provides students a two week-long intensive course in Legal Methods before core classes begin meeting.
The courses in the second and third years are primarily electives, and are chosen from an extensive curriculum of over 100 courses. Every upper-year student must engage in an oral advocacy competition; take at least one class that focuses on the nature, source, and purpose of legal regulation (a critical perspectives course); take at least one class that focuses on international, comparative, or transnational law, a course on legal ethics, and Administrative Law.
The Faculty of Law has a number of exciting programs and clinics. These include the International Human Rights Program, Aboriginal Law Program, the Centre for Innovation Law and Policy, Pro Bono Students Canada, the David Asper Centre for Constitutional Rights, and the Downtown Legal Services Clinical Education Program (criminal law, employment law, family law, immigration & refugee law, tenant housing law and university affairs).
There are also a variety of exchange opportunities (both work-abroad and academic exchanges) available.
Financial Aid (Canadian currency listed)
The Faculty of Law’s tuition fees pay for all the things—world-class faculty, clinical and internship opportunities, combined-degree programs, and career services, to name a few—that allow us to offer one of the best legal educations in the world. In 2017–2018, tuition for the full-time JD program was $34,980 for domestic students (Canadian citizens and permanent residents), and $46,920 for international students (visa/study permit).
We have the highest top-line tuition among Canadian law schools. This is why we also have one of the most generous financial aid programs in Canada. In 2017–2018, we distributed over $3.5 million in bursaries and interest loan payments to 89 percent of students who successfully applied to our aid program. With the law school’s financial support, in 2017–2018 our first-year students receiving assistance paid an average effective tuition of $24,440. In addition, we provided more than $100,000 in funding for internships and research assistantships during the summer of 2017.
The University of Toronto’s Career Development Office (CDO) is staffed by two full-time advisors who provide extensive consultation and information to assist students in pursuing their individual career goals. The CDO prepares students to successfully secure legal and law-related positions in Canada and elsewhere, and facilitates the on-campus recruitment visits of Canadian and American law firms. The CDO offers students a comprehensive program of panels and workshops, individual career counseling, interview coaching, and résumé reviews. For students seeking public interest law careers, the CDO provides a wide array of programs and resources. Our graduates enjoy unmatched success in securing summer, articling, and associate placements at law firms throughout Canada and the United States, as well as in industry, public interest, and government, including clerkships at all levels of Canadian courts. The law school’s strong academic reputation is well understood by prospective employers, and is reflected in the 96 percent articling placement rate we achieved in 2013–2017. Further details are available at our Career Development Office webpage.
There are 27–30 rooms reserved for first-year law students in Graduate House, which is a university apartment complex. Other housing options include university residences, independent residences, student family housing, and off-campus flats, apartments, and rooms, all within easy walking or commuting distance of the law school. Information on student housing is available from the University of Toronto Housing Services at 416.978.8045.
Library and Physical Facilities
- An extensive online collection of journals, books, case law, and legislation from all the major common law jurisdictions
- A core print collection of Canadian and international texts
- 6 full-time law librarians
- Hours: 88 hours per week during the academic year; 100 hours per week at the end of term and during exams
- Access to computers, printers, and scanners
The law library staff and collections support teaching, research, and scholarship at the Faculty of Law. In addition to the key public and private law treatises from common law jurisdictions, the collection features specializations in Aboriginal law, international trade, international human rights, law and economics, and legal philosophy. Interdisciplinary research is supplemented by the rich resources of the University of Toronto library system, one of the five largest research library systems in North America.
Our physical location provides an exceptional opportunity for studying law in Canada’s largest urban centre, an exciting multicultural city of 2.8 million people with a richness and cultural diversity no other city can match. Nestled in the heart of old Toronto, bordered by the tranquil tree-lined pathways of Philosopher’s Walk, the Faculty of Law is just steps away from the provincial legislature, the Ontario Court of Appeal and Superior Courts, and the country’s largest legal and financial district. The uniqueness of the UT experience extends to its charming heritage buildings and classrooms. Two architecturally beautiful buildings, Flavelle House and Falconer Hall, house the classrooms that make up our law school. The Bora Laskin Law Library, named after one of the faculty’s finest scholars and the former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada (1973–1984), is housed in the award-winning, state-of-the-art Jackman Hall, opened in 2016.
Admission for Entry in 2019
- First-year courses begin in mid-late August, upper-year courses begin in early September
- Minimum three years of full-time undergraduate study (by May of entry year)
- LSAT required
- Acceptable LSAT scores from June 2014 to January 2019 tests, inclusively
Over 2,200 qualified candidates apply each year for the 200 places in the first-year class. Most admitted applicants to the 2017-2018 program have LSAT scores starting at 160 and undergraduate GPAs starting at 80 percent. Our JD admission process is designed to identify exceptional students who will bring a broad and complex set of life experiences to the study of law. We strive to build a diverse and unique community of students who will forge lifelong friendships as they learn with, and from, each other. We use three sources of information to assess applications:
- Law School Admission Test (LSAT) results
- postsecondary records of academic achievement
- personal essays
The review process is holistic, which means that the Admissions Committee looks at all of these factors together. The Admissions Committee relies on the essays for information that cannot be conveyed by numbers. Multiple readers assess each file to get a full sense of the unique strengths each applicant will bring to the first-year class.
All applicants to the first year of the Juris Doctor (JD) program must submit a LSAT score and must arrange to write the test no later than the January administration before the September start of the program. A candidate with an excellent academic record, but whose LSAT score is uncompetitive, should consider taking the test again. In cases where the LSAT has been taken more than once, the best LSAT score is used.
The Faculty has a robust access and academic support program for Aboriginal students. It also admits mature students (those with five or more years of nonacademic experience). Candidates should refer to the law school website for further information about these categories of admission.
The application deadline is November 1, 2018. The University of Toronto is prepared to consider any requests to submit a late application. Please contact the Admissions Office for further information.