Research Reports

Detecting Groups of Test Takers Involved in Test Collusion as Unusually Large Cliques in a Graph (RR 18-01)

Test collusion (TC) is the sharing of test materials or answers to test questions (items) before or during a test. Because of the potentially large advantages for the test takers involved, TC poses a serious threat to the validity of score interpretations. The proposed approach applies graph theory methodology to response similarity analyses to identify groups involved in TC while minimizing the false-positive detection rate. The new approach is illustrated and compared with a recently published method using real and simulated data. The results of computational studies demonstrate advantages of the new approach, particularly a remarkable robustness to the multiple-comparison problem while still demonstrating good power to detect moderate to high amounts of collusion.

Request the full report

Additional reports in this collection

researchers study paperwork and examine charts and figures on a tablet

Evidence to Support Validity Claims for Using LSAT Scores...

Law School Admission Test (LSAT) scores provide a standard measure of an applicant’s proficiency in a well-defined set of important skills associated with success in law school coursework. LSAT scores are also a strong predictor of first-year grades (FYG) and cumulative grade point average (CGPA) in law school. The most recent correlational study of LSAT results (2019) shows that LSAT scores are far superior to undergraduate grade point average (UGPA) in predicting FYG...

Understanding and Interpreting Law School Enrollment Data...

The Law School Admission Council (LSAC) has a long-standing commitment to diversity, equity, and inclusion in legal education and in the legal profession. In line with its mission to promote quality, access, and equity in legal education, LSAC is providing this report, Understanding and Interpreting Law School Enrollment Data: A Focus on Race and Ethnicity, to help law schools, admission professionals, and other legal education stakeholders understand how we are measuring who is the pipeline.