In light of the COVID-19 public health emergency, we are offering an online, remotely proctored version of the LSAT — called the LSAT-Flex. We will continue to monitor the COVID-19 pandemic closely and will make other LSAT-Flex test dates available if the situation warrants. We plan to resume the in-person LSAT once conditions allow, in strict accordance with public health authorities and using all necessary health and safety measures. In the meantime, the remotely proctored LSAT-Flex will provide candidates the opportunity to earn an LSAT score even though in-person testing is not possible due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
In May, June, and July, we delivered the first LSAT-Flex administrations. Nearly 33,000 candidates successfully completed the LSAT-Flex to continue their law school journeys. We are using the experience from the May, June, and July exams to make future LSAT-Flex administrations even better.
The August LSAT-Flex will be administered the week starting Saturday, August 29. Most test takers will test on either Saturday, August 29; Sunday, August 30; Monday, August 31; or Wednesday, September 2, with a small number of tests occurring later in the week based on specific remote proctoring requirements. Currently, we are targeting Friday, September 18, as the score release date for all test takers, regardless of when they test during the week of August 29.
The October LSAT-Flex will be administered the week starting Saturday, October 3. Most test takers will test on either Saturday, October 3; Sunday, October 4; Tuesday, October 6; or Thursday, October 8, with a small number of tests occurring Wednesday, October 7, based on specific remote proctoring requirements. Currently, we are targeting Friday, October 23, as the score release date for all test takers, regardless of when they test during the week of October 3.
The November LSAT-Flex will be administered the week starting Saturday, November 7. Most test takers will test on either Saturday, November 7; Sunday, November 8; Tuesday, November 10; or Wednesday, November 11, with a small number of tests occurring later in the week based on specific remote proctoring requirements. Currently, we are targeting Tuesday, November 24, as the score release date for all test takers, regardless of when they test during the week of November 7.
We know how important the LSAT is to candidates and schools, and also to fairness and integrity in law school admission, which advances access and equity in legal education. We appreciate your patience and flexibility as we all work through this extraordinary COVID-19 situation together.
Registering for the LSAT-Flex
Who is eligible for the LSAT-Flex?
For the August LSAT-Flex, which will occur during the week starting Saturday, August 29, any test takers in the U.S. and Canada who are registered for the August 29 LSAT will be automatically registered for the August LSAT-Flex, unless they opt out to receive a coupon which can be applied to any future test until April 2021.
For the October LSAT-Flex, which will occur the week starting Saturday, October 3, any test takers who are registered for the October 3, 4, or 10 LSAT administrations will be automatically registered for the October LSAT-Flex, unless they opt out to receive a coupon which can be applied to any future test until April 2021. In addition, registration for the October LSAT-Flex is open through Friday, August 21.
For the November LSAT-Flex, which will occur the week starting Saturday, November 7, any test takers who are registered for the November 14 LSAT administration will be automatically registered for the November LSAT-Flex, unless they opt out to receive a coupon which can be applied to any future test until April 2021. In addition, registration for the November LSAT-Flex is open through Wednesday, September 23.
Depending on how the COVID-19 pandemic evolves, it is possible we may administer additional LSAT-Flex exams.
How do I register for the LSAT-Flex?
Registration for the November LSAT-Flex is open through September 23, 2020, 11:59 p.m. ET. To register for this exam, you’ll need to go through the regular LSAT registration process.
During registration, you’ll be asked to select a test center. If you’re registering for the November test, it doesn’t matter which center you select since the November LSAT-Flex will be administered remotely, on your own computer. You will not actually take your November LSAT-Flex exam at the test center you select. You can take the LSAT-Flex in any quiet, well-lit, private work area you choose, so long as it has a hard work surface and a strong, stable internet connection.
If you need assistance with a quiet or private room in which to test, please make note of your situation after you register. You can do this through the November LSAT-Flex Options form that will appear on the My Home screen of your LSAC online account. Please complete this form no later than Sunday, October 18, 2020, 11:59 p.m. ET, so that we can work with you to try to address your needs. LSAC is working to help every test taker have the equipment and other resources they need to take the LSAT-Flex.
When exactly will the test be administered?
The August LSAT-Flex will occur the week starting Saturday, August 29, 2020. We expect that most test takers will test on either Saturday, August 29; Sunday, August 30; Monday, August 31; or Wednesday, September 2, with a small number of tests occurring later in the week based on specific remote proctoring requirements. We will open the scheduling sign-up process for the August LSAT-Flex on Thursday, August 13, at 12 p.m. Eastern Time, and will provide more information and instructions to test takers prior to that time.
The October LSAT-Flex will occur the week starting Saturday, October 3, 2020. We expect that most test takers will test on either Saturday, October 3; Sunday, October 4; Tuesday, October 6; or Thursday, October 8, with a small number of tests occurring Wednesday, October 7, based on specific remote proctoring requirements. We will open the scheduling sign-up process about two weeks before the first day of testing in October. We will send more information and instructions to test takers prior to that time.
The November LSAT-Flex will occur the week starting Saturday, November 7, 2020. We expect that most test takers will test on either Saturday, November 7; Sunday, November 8; Tuesday, November 10; or Wednesday, November 11, with a small number of tests occurring later in the week based on specific remote proctoring requirements. We will open the scheduling sign-up process about two weeks before the first day of testing in November. We will send more information and instructions to test takers prior to that time.
Will I be able to choose my testing time?
Yes, test takers can choose the time that works best for their schedules from the available options. Test takers who prefer to test at a certain time of day, or who need a specific start time due to other obligations, should sign up as early as possible, as slots are assigned on a first-come, first-served basis.
What will LSAT-Flex cost?
The LSAT-Flex test costs the same as the standard LSAT.
Testing and Equipment Requirements
What kind of equipment do I need in order to take the LSAT-Flex?
To provide broad availability to test takers, LSAT-Flex can be accessed by test takers with a laptop or desktop computer with either a Windows or Mac operating system.
We encourage test takers to test their machine using ProctorU's convenient tool as soon as they have created their ProctorU account, and to familiarize themselves with the test’s online format and user interface by trying our free practice tests on LawHub. It is very important to have a strong and stable internet connection in order to have a successful remote testing experience.
What if I don't have all the equipment that I need to use the remote proctoring option (i.e., a webcam, etc.)?
LSAC is committed to ensuring that every test taker has the equipment and other resources they need to take the LSAT-Flex. For candidates who do not have the necessary computer equipment or other necessary hardware, we will work with them to try to provide loaner devices or other solutions if appropriate.
Candidates who are planning to take the August LSAT-Flex are advised to let LSAC know if they need a loaner device or other assistance no later than 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time, Sunday, August 9, 2020. We will work with these candidates to try to address their needs.
Candidates who are planning to take the October LSAT-Flex are advised to let LSAC know if they need a loaner device or other assistance no later than 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time, Sunday, September 13, 2020. We will work with these candidates to try to address their needs.
Candidates who are planning to take the November LSAT-Flex are advised to let LSAC know if they need a loaner device or other assistance no later than 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time, Sunday, October 18, 2020. We will work with these candidates to try to address their needs.
What if I don’t have a private and/or quiet room in which to take the test due to my personal living situation during the COVID-19 emergency?
We understand that some candidates may not have access to a quiet or private room in which to take a remotely proctored test, particularly during this time of disruption and social distancing due to the COVID-19 emergency. LSAC is working to help every test taker have the equipment and other resources they need to take the LSAT-Flex.
Candidates planning to take the August LSAT-Flex who need assistance with a quiet or private room in which to test are advised to let LSAC know no later than 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time, Sunday, August 9, 2020, so that we may work with them to try to address their needs.
Candidates planning to take the October LSAT-Flex who need assistance with a quiet or private room in which to test must make note of their situation via the form in their LSAC online account no later than 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time, Sunday, September 13, 2020, so that we may work with them to try to address their needs.
Candidates planning to take the November LSAT-Flex who need assistance with a quiet or private room in which to test must make note of their situation via the form in their LSAC online account no later than 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time, Sunday, October 18, 2020, so that we may work with them to try to address their needs.
How will you ensure that this LSAT-Flex doesn’t create additional barriers for underrepresented candidates, including candidates of color and candidates from economically disadvantaged backgrounds?
LSAC is committed to expanding opportunity and access for candidates who continue to be underrepresented in legal education and the legal profession. Even as we are administering the LSAT-Flex as an emergency measure to provide a safe testing alternative during the current public health emergency, we are very much aware that the COVID-19 crisis is having a disproportionate impact on many communities. We will try to ensure that every test taker has the equipment and appropriate space in which to take the LSAT-Flex, and we will work with schools and community organizations to try to ensure that the COVID-19 emergency does not set back our and our schools’ ongoing efforts to diversify legal education.
Test Format and Test Sections
What is the LSAT-Flex like?
The LSAT-Flex is very much like the standard LSAT. It is composed of genuine LSAT questions that have been developed and tested in accordance with our rigorous standards and processes. To meet the anticipated demand and the needs of the remote testing solution, LSAT-Flex is composed of three 35-minute scored sections (compared to the four 35-minute scored sections plus an unscored section in the traditional test). Every LSAT-Flex includes one section each of Reading Comprehension, Analytical Reasoning, and Logical Reasoning. Test takers continue to take LSAT Writing separately from the multiple-choice portion of the test.
How long is the LSAT-Flex?
To meet the anticipated demand and the needs of the remote testing solution, LSAT-Flex is composed of three 35-minute scored sections (compared to the four 35-minute scored sections plus an unscored section in the traditional test). The test takes approximately 2 hours for standard test takers.
Is there a break during the test?
The LSAT-Flex does not include breaks for standard test takers.
Is the LSAT-Flex inherently easier than the standard LSAT, because it is shorter and has fewer questions?
No. The individual questions and individual sections have similar levels of difficulty as a typical LSAT. Some people may think that the shorter duration of the LSAT-Flex is a benefit. Some people may feel more pressure because they believe that the smaller number of total questions means that each question has a bigger impact. Some people may see taking an online test in their own home as a benefit; other people may see taking an online test in their own home as a source of more distraction.
Given how the COVID-19 emergency has made in-person testing temporarily impossible, we are offering an at-home test to address the needs of candidates and schools. Due to the demands of live online proctoring, the LSAT-Flex had to be designed so it could be accomplished in approximately two hours without a break.
Are you making the Logical Reasoning section on the LSAT-Flex harder, to make up for the fact that there are fewer Logical Reasoning questions?
No. Speculation that we are making the Logical Reasoning section on the LSAT-Flex harder than normal is not accurate. All sections of the LSAT-Flex, including the Logical Reasoning section, are composed of LSAT questions that have been extensively tested and analyzed through the same rigorous item-development and section-development processes that are used for the LSAT. The Logical Reasoning section on the LSAT-Flex is not designed to be harder or easier than a typical Logical Reasoning section on a typical LSAT.
Test and Test-Taker Security
How does LSAC ensure the test is secure?
We know that the security, integrity, and validity of the LSAT are important to candidates and schools, so we are taking many steps to ensure the security of the LSAT-Flex. All LSAT-Flex test takers are monitored by live remote proctors via the camera and microphone in the test takers’ computers. The video and audio feeds are recorded in case further review is necessary.
Can ProctorU get personal information from my computer?
No, ProctorU cannot access your computer files without your knowledge.
What if I was approved for testing accommodations for the in-person LSAT? Will I still have my accommodations with LSAT-Flex?
Yes. LSAC is committed to working with LSAT-Flex test takers with disabilities to see that their accommodation needs are met under the circumstances. All test takers who were approved to receive accommodations for an in-person LSAT test date will receive the same or equivalent accommodations for the test’s associated LSAT-Flex test. LSAC will communicate directly with each registrant with approved accommodations who is scheduled to take an LSAT-Flex exam, regarding their approved accommodations in the context of LSAT-Flex.
Preparing for the LSAT-Flex
How can I prepare for the LSAT-Flex?
If you want to familiarize yourself with the format and content of the LSAT-Flex, we recommend using the free Official LSAT Prep practice tests available on LSAC’s LawHub.
We encourage you to learn more about the technical requirements of the remotely proctored exam and to test your equipment as soon as possible using the information and tool on this page.
Since the proportion of Logical Reasoning questions is different on the LSAT-Flex, how should I prepare? Will Logical Reasoning questions be weighted the same as Analytical Reasoning and Reading Comprehension questions, or will they be counted double?
We are not double-counting Logical Reasoning questions on the LSAT-Flex. The Analytical Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Reading Comprehension questions on the LSAT-Flex are scored without weighting one section more than another. The LSAT-Flex includes roughly the same number of Analytical Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Reading Comprehension questions, so if you find one type of question more challenging than others, you may want to focus your preparation on those questions.
Taking the LSAT-Flex
What am I allowed to have with me during LSAT-Flex?
Generally, your desktop must be clear of anything not test-related and should only have:
- Five blank sheets of scratch paper (lined, unlined, or graphed)
- Valid ID
- One or more writing utensils (standard pencil, mechanical pencil, or ink pen, for example)
- A highlighter
- An eraser (no mechanical erasers or erasers with sleeves)
- A pencil sharpener
- Soft, non-electronic, non-corded/banded, generic foam ear plugs
- Beverage in plastic container or juice box (maximum size: 20 oz/591 ml). Aluminum cans are not permitted.
Each of these items must be held up and shown to the proctor during the security check-in procedure. Both sides of each sheet of scratch paper must be shown to the proctor and destroyed in camera view upon test completion.
You may wear an analog (nondigital) wristwatch. The watch may not have a dedicated start/stop functionality independent of telling time, but it may have an altered faceplate and a rotating “diver’s” bezel. Timing devices of any other kind are not permitted.
What kind of identification do I need to take LSAT-Flex?
Every candidate is required to present a valid government-issued photo ID at the beginning of the test. You must use either a passport or a government ID issued in North America. The ID must be current (or it may be expired if the expiration is within 90 days of your test date) and contain:
- A recent and recognizable photo of you
- Your first name (must match your registration exactly)
- Your last name (must match your registration exactly)
- Your date of birth
Please note that by law, U.S. military IDs cannot be photographed and thus cannot be used for this purpose.
What behaviors are prohibited?
Adhering to the highest moral and ethical standards is essential for those in the legal profession. Every test taker is required to sign a Candidate Agreement each time they take the LSAT. Please make sure you read the entire Agreement; rushing through it or ignoring any of it could have serious adverse consequences.
Generally, during the test you may not:
- Communicate with anyone other than your proctor
- Read aloud
- Allow your face to leave the webcam’s view
- Leave your seat
- Run any prohibited software applications
- Access any prohibited materials
- Connect or disconnect any external storage devices
After the test you may not:
- Share details of the test in an oral or written form, which includes sharing content on the internet or through any means or media
- Copy, save, duplicate, or distribute any test material on your computer or any written notes you may have used during the test
The proctor’s instructions must be followed at all times. Any suspicious behavior noted by the proctor will be grounds for immediately ending the testing session. Terminated sessions are subject to score cancellation polices and to LSAC investigations that could lead to a finding of misconduct or irregularity. Any such finding may be shared with the law schools to which you apply.
What electronic devices are prohibited?
One cell phone is allowed for use as a mirror during check-in as instructed by your proctor, but it must be turned off and put away as instructed by the proctor before the test begins. Additional cell phones are prohibited.
Devices that cannot be in the room during LSAT-Flex include timers of any kind, electronic cigarettes, fitness-tracking devices, digital watches, calculator watches, chronograph watches (digital or nondigital), beepers, pagers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), calculators, cameras, recording devices, listening devices (including, but not limited to, headphones, ear buds, air pods, and other electronic listening devices and/or noise-cancelling devices other than generic foam ear plugs), headsets, and iPods and other media players. Please note that tablets, laptops, personal computers, or any other electronic device not being used to take the test are prohibited.
Prohibited electronic devices may not be in the room during the test because they cannot be monitored via your webcam feed. Please be aware that your proctor will not allow you to test if any prohibited electronics are noted during the room scan portion of your check-in. This includes any monitors or desktop computers that happen to be on the desk you may be resting your laptop on during the test. If your session is flagged for a violation during the test, your audio and video data may be referred to for an investigation by the Misconduct and Irregularities Subcommittee. More information can be found at Misconduct & Irregularities and LSAT Candidate Agreement.
What other items are prohibited?
Test takers may not access briefcases, handbags, or backpacks of any kind. Hats or hoods, except religious apparel, may not be worn. Sunglasses may not be worn. Books, printed materials, and any notes written before the start of the test may not be used, accessed, or referenced at any point during your session.
Other nonelectronic prohibited items can remain in the room, but they must be put away and not accessed or referenced during the test.
What if I need headphones, earplugs, or earbuds to take the test?
Starting with the August test, LSAT-Flex test takers may now use soft, non-electronic, non-corded/banded, generic foam ear plugs, which will need to be shown to and approved by your LSAT-Flex proctor. NOTE: Please ensure that your earplugs will not interfere with your ability to receive instruction from your proctor. Test takers are responsible for adhering to proctor instructions and communications at all times.
In addition, unless a specified accommodation has been granted, test takers cannot wear headphones, earbuds, or anything similar that is not a soft, non-electronic, non-corded/banded, generic foam ear plug. These types of items are unable to be monitored by proctors to ensure a fair and equal testing environment. It’s LSAC’s goal to safeguard your test and score by putting this policy in place to mitigate testing irregularities that could result in the termination of your session or cancellation of your score.
Can I use other computer programs while I take LSAT-Flex?
All LSAT-Flex test takers (with or without test accommodations) are permitted to use external computer programs that they would typically use to make web content accessible, such as screen magnification or keyboard-controlled screen reader software. In order to protect the security of test content, selectable text functionality (i.e., the ability to select text or place the cursor on the screen) is not available on LSAT-Flex or with practice tests in LawHub. Therefore, the computer-based LSAT-Flex is accessible with screen reader software programs that can be controlled and navigated using keystrokes and keyboard commands rather than the mouse and cursor.
Where should I take the test?
Choose a quiet, well-lit, and private work area where you can complete the test without interruption. A hard work surface is required. It is very important to have a strong and stable internet connection in order to have a successful remote testing experience. Ensure that your workspace is clean and clear of all prohibited items. Your entire face must be clearly visible throughout the test. Once you begin testing, do not move out of view of the webcam or change working environments until the test is over.
What should I wear during my testing session?
Your testing session will be proctored live, and video of your session will later be reviewed by LSAC personnel. Please dress as you would if you were taking the test in person at a physical testing center. Items that can obscure your face from the proctor’s view, such as hats or hoods (with the exception of religious apparel), sunglasses, and headphones, may not be worn.
Will I be able to take breaks during the test?
You are required to remain in your seat with your face in view of the camera throughout the duration of the test. There will be a brief pause between sections, but otherwise no breaks will be given.
What happens if I lose my internet connection, or have other technical difficulties?
In most cases, the remote proctoring system will save your progress and pause the test while the technical issue is resolved, then restart the test and allow you to resume where you left off.
If your connection is interrupted during the test you will be required to complete the security check-in process again before resuming. The proctor will exercise discretion in whether to allow you to resume your testing session more than once should you continue to experience connectivity issues. If you are unable to restore your connection during your scheduled testing window, your testing session will be terminated, and you will be moved to a future registration date.
What if someone else enters the room while I am taking the test?
If someone else enters the room, you must ask them to leave immediately. At the proctor’s discretion, you may continue testing once the person leaves the room. Your testing session will be flagged for further review. You will not be penalized if the interaction is brief and it is evident that no information about the test was communicated.
What if my pet enters the room while I’m taking the test?
If a pet wanders into the room while you are testing, you may continue testing. Your face must be clearly visible throughout the test, and once you begin, you cannot move out of view of the webcam until the test is over.
LSAT-Flex Scores and Law School Admission
How will my LSAT-Flex score relate to a score from the standard LSAT?
Test takers receive a score on the standard 120-180 LSAT range as well as a percentile ranking. Because all LSAT-Flex questions are actual LSAT questions that have gone through a multi-year process of development and pre-testing, LSAT-Flex results enable LSAC to accurately predict standard LSAT scores. If a test taker has a score from a standard LSAT and a score from an LSAT-Flex, those scores will be reported separately and not as an average, and the LSAT-Flex will have an annotation that the test was administered in the online, remotely proctored format.
When will I get my score from the LSAT-Flex?
August LSAT-Flex: We are currently targeting Friday, September 18, as the score release date for all test takers, regardless of when they test during the week of August 29.
October LSAT-Flex: We are currently targeting Friday, October 23, as the score release date for all test takers, regardless of when they test during the week of October 3.
November LSAT-Flex: We are currently targeting Tuesday, November 24, as the score release date for all test takers, regardless of when they test during the week of November 7.
We will update these score release dates as needed.
Loaner Devices and Score Release
If you received a loaner device from LSAC, your score will not be released, and a hold will be placed on your account until we have received the device back from you. Please repack the device using the box and return address label provided and ship it back to LSAC via your local UPS drop-off facility within 24 to 48 hours of completing your LSAT-Flex.
To find a UPS drop-off facility near you, visit UPS’s Find Locations page.
How do I sign up for Score Preview?
Score Preview is only available to first-time test takers who wish to see their score before deciding whether to keep it as part of their LSAC transcript and report it to schools. Score preview will cost $45 if you sign up prior to the first day of testing for a given test administration, or $75 if you sign up after testing has concluded.
First-time test takers who sign up for score preview will receive their scores at the same time other test takers receive theirs (assuming they have completed their LSAT Writing and have no holds on their accounts), and will have six (6) calendar days to decide if they want to cancel or keep their score. If they take no action, their scores will be added to their LSAC transcript and released to schools at the end of the six-day period.
If you are a first-time test taker, this feature is now available for purchase through your LSAC online account.
Can I cancel my LSAT-Flex score?
Yes. Should you decide to cancel your LSAT-Flex score, you must do so within six (6) calendar days of the date of your LSAT-Flex (prior to the scoring of your test) by contacting LSAC directly at LSACinfo@LSAC.org or 215.968.1001. Please note that this six-day deadline does not apply for first-time test takers who have signed up for Score Preview.
Do I still need to take LSAT Writing? When can I do that, and how?
Yes, LSAT Writing is required, and if you do not already have a completed writing sample on file, you should complete LSAT Writing as soon as possible after you take LSAT-Flex. Beginning with the August LSAT-Flex, all test takers must have a completed writing sample on file before they will receive their score or have their score released to law schools. LSAT Writing is included with your test registration fee and, beginning with the August LSAT-Flex, will be available in your online account eight days prior to every test administration.
Will law schools accept the LSAT-Flex as a valid alternative to the standard LSAT?
Yes. While every school has its own process for admission and candidates should always talk directly to the schools to which they are applying, we have received overwhelming support for the LSAT-Flex from our member law schools. We have not received any indication from any member school that they will not accept the LSAT-Flex as a valid part of a candidate’s application. To the contrary, we have heard from many, many schools thanking LSAC for providing the LSAT-Flex so that candidates have the opportunity to test at a time when the COVID-19 crisis has made in-person testing impossible.
Is the LSAT-Flex an accurate predictor of a candidate’s performance in law school, given that the proportion of Logical Reasoning questions is different on the LSAT-Flex than it is on the LSAT?
Yes. The LSAT-Flex is composed of LSAT questions that have been extensively tested and analyzed through the same rigorous item-development and section-development processes that are used for the LSAT. While the proportion of Logical Reasoning questions on the LSAT-Flex is different than the proportion on a standard LSAT, the LSAT-Flex provides law schools with a valuable assessment of a candidate's skill level on the critical reading and reasoning skills that are vital to success in law school, just as the standard LSAT does. Because the LSAT-Flex is a test taken remotely, scores for the LSAT-Flex will have an annotation that the test was administered in the online, remotely proctored format. As always, we want to stress that both the LSAT and the LSAT-Flex should be used in conjunction with a candidate’s academic achievement, work experience, and life experience in a holistic law school admission process.
Future LSAT-Flex Administrations
Will you be giving additional LSAT-Flex test administrations if the COVID-19 emergency continues?
If necessary, yes. We are monitoring the COVID-19 situation very closely and will follow the direction of public health authorities in determining whether the future in-person LSAT administrations must be canceled in some or all locations. We are making contingency plans so that no matter how the COVID-19 situation continues to evolve, candidates will have the opportunity to test. If necessary, additional remotely proctored LSAT-Flex administrations could be a part of the solution.
Will this test format be offered over the long term even when things get better?
It is too soon to speculate on whether the LSAT-Flex format will continue to be offered after the COVID-19 pandemic is no longer a threat to public health and safety. Right now, we are focused on trying to ensure that everyone who wants to take the LSAT to pursue their legal education goals has the opportunity to test, even during this unprecedented time of disruption due to the COVID-19 emergency.