Last Updated May 12, 2022
This Candidate Agreement (“Agreement”) is a legal agreement between the Candidate (“you”) who will take the LSAT or Spanish LSAT (collectively, the “Test”) and Law School Admission Council, Inc. (“LSAC”) that sets forth the terms and conditions for the Test under which LSAC will permit you to register for and take the Test. This Agreement sets out important terms and conditions related to your taking of the Test, including terms and conditions relating to Test security for the Test. By registering for and/or taking the Test, you agree to abide by the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement. Please read and review this Agreement carefully prior to agreeing to it. You should carefully review this Agreement prior to each time you take the Test. The LSAC Candidate Agreement: Terms and Conditions for the LSAT and Spanish LSAT is available for review on the LSAC website.
All references to “Test” or “Tests” in this Agreement refer to the LSAT, Spanish LSAT, and related documents in paper or electronic form, including the corresponding Test books, Test questions, Test responses, responses marked on answer sheets for the Test, and scratch paper.
NOTICE: By registering for and/or taking the Test, you represent and affirm the following to LSAC:
- You are at least 18 years of age at the time you are registering for the Test or have contacted LSAC and have been granted an exception by LSAC to the Minimum Age Requirement that you must be at least 18 years of age at the time you are registering for the Test;
- The information you have provided to LSAC is true;
- You have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by this Agreement and each of LSAC’s policies; and
- You are not working for or on behalf of any Test preparation provider(s).
Terms and Conditions
Certification and Authorization.You certify that you are the Candidate whose name appears on this Test registration and that you plan to take the Test for the sole purpose of being considered for admission to law school and in accordance with the Intended Use Policy set forth in Section 27 of this Agreement. You further certify that you will neither assist nor receive assistance from any other person or entity during the Test and agree that after you take the Test, you will not discuss, share, disclose, copy, or otherwise misappropriate the Test or any intellectual property related to the Test, whether orally, in writing, on the Internet, or via any other means or media, nor will you assist any person or entity in doing so. Any discussion, sharing, disclosure, copying, or misappropriation will be considered a Prohibited Behavior under this Agreement and could constitute a crime that may result in enforcement actions against you, to the fullest extent permitted by law, which could result in civil or criminal penalties.
You authorize LSAC to release to law schools the information that you have provided to LSAC for purposes of taking the Test, including but not limited to this Agreement, your Test score, and information regarding any alleged misconduct or irregularities relating to you that arise during the Test or law school admission process. You also authorize each law school to which you apply to release information from your law school file to LSAC.
- Required Personally Identifying Information: When registering for and/or taking any Test, you are required to provide personally identifying information to LSAC. Providing certain personally identifying information is mandatory. If you do not provide the mandatory personally identifying information, including but not limited to your name, address, and date of birth, you may not be able to register for and/or take the Test.
Photo Submission and Age Requirement for Test Registration.During the Test registration process, LSAC will require you to submit a photo that satisfies the LSAT Photo Requirements. Your photo may be used for Test security and other identification purposes. If you fail to provide your photo by the deadline that applies to your Test date, LSAC may cancel your Test registration and you will be responsible for and subject to LSAC’s Test date change policies, as well as the payment of any corresponding fees. You must provide your photo on or before the photo deadline for any new Test date. If you do not submit your photo on or before the deadline that applies to your Test date and do not request a Test date change, you will not be entitled to a refund of your Test registration fees.
To be eligible to take the Test, each Candidate must be at least eighteen (18) years of age on the date that such Candidate registers for the Test ("Minimum Age Requirement"). Any Candidate who does not satisfy the Minimum Age Requirement is ineligible to register for and/or take the Test. In order for any Candidate who does not satisfy the Minimum Age Requirement to be permitted to register for and/or take the Test, the Candidate must contact LSAC to seek an exception to the Minimum Age Requirement. For the Candidate to be granted an exception to LSAC's Minimum Age Requirement, the Candidate must demonstrate, to LSAC's satisfaction, that the Candidate will either (a) apply to law school within two (2) years of the date of the applicable Test administration; or (b) be at least eighteen (18) years of age on the date that the Candidate takes the Test. At LSAC's sole discretion, LSAC may approve or deny any request for an exception to the Minimum Age Requirement submitted by any Candidate.
Audio/Video Recording Requirement for Test Candidates.By registering for and agreeing to take the Test, you understand and agree that your audio and video will be recorded by a third-party test service provider during the Test process. Your audio and video is recorded by a third-party test service provider during the Test process in order to maintain the security and integrity of the Test and to protect against misconduct or irregularities during the Test. BY ENTERING INTO THIS AGREEMENT, YOU ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE TO HAVING YOUR AUDIO AND VIDEO RECORDED BY A THIRD-PARTY TEST SERVICE PROVIDER DURING THE TEST PROCESS.
Admission to the Test.Except as specifically identified in this Agreement, you are required to show acceptable identification to LSAC prior to being permitted to take the Test.
- Acceptable Forms of Identification for the Test: You must use either a physical international passport or a physical government-issued identification (with your physical government-issued identification being issued by the United States of America, U.S. Territories, Canada, and/or Australia). Digital forms of identification from any country will not be accepted by LSAC for purposes of identification for the Test. Your physical government-issued identification must be current (or if expired, such expiration must have occurred within six (6) months of the Test date) and contain: (i) a recent and recognizable photo of you; (ii) your first name (which must match the first name on your Test registration); (iii) your last name (which must match the last name on your Test registration); and (iv) your date of birth. The photo on your identification will be compared to your appearance on Test day via webcam. Your Test proctor will not allow you to take the Test if your identity cannot be verified by the Test proctor. Please note that LSAC will not accept any form of United States of America military identification for purposes of taking the Test. LSAC’s policies are updated from time to time. By agreeing to the terms of this Agreement, you agree to be bound by the LSAC identification requirements that are in effect on the date of your Test.
- Questions Regarding Forms of Identification: LSAC and the Test proctor have exclusive discretion to deny you admission to the Test due to your identification not satisfying LSAC's criteria for identification. If LSAC and the Test proctor determine that you do not have an acceptable form of identification, such determination shall be final, and you will not be able to appeal or otherwise challenge such determination.
- Reporting Time: You must report to the Test by the time that you are scheduled for your Test. If you do not report to the Test by the time you are scheduled for your Test, you may not be able to take the Test. LSAC will strictly enforce the reporting deadlines set forth in this provision.
- Unacceptable Forms of Identification: The following forms of identification are not acceptable forms of identification for purposes of taking the Test: any government-issued identification issued by any country outside of the United States of America, U.S. Territories, Canada, or Australia (excluding international passports), student identification, military identification, electronic form(s) of identification, Social Security card, Social Insurance card, birth certificate, credit card (including any credit card containing a photo), identification that expired greater than six (6) months prior to the date of the Test, photocopied identification, or employee identification (including employee identification for employees of any governmental entity or agency).
- Requests for Alternative Forms of Identification: Any Candidate taking the Test in a country located in North America who is ineligible to obtain the required government-issued identification may request approval from LSAC for an alternate form of identification. To request approval from LSAC for an alternate form of identification, you must contact LSAC prior to the registration deadline that corresponds with your registered Test date. You may contact LSAC by email at LSACinfo@LSAC.org or by phone at 215.968.1001. If you contact LSAC by phone, please press “0” to speak to an LSAC Candidate Services Representative. LSAC will not make exceptions to the Test identification requirements on the day of the Test.
- Photo Requirements: Any photo that you upload through your online LSAC account must satisfy the following requirements: (i) your uploaded photo must be a recent and recognizable photo of only you; (ii) your uploaded photo must show you facing the camera, with only your head and shoulders in the picture; (iii) your uploaded photo must show your facial features clearly, with no shadows or anything obstructing your face; (iv) your uploaded photo must have a background that is plain and that will not obscure your identity; (v) your uploaded photo must be different from the photo that appears on the government-issued identification that you will present to take the Test (do not upload a scan or photo of your government-issued identification); and (vi) your uploaded photo must match your appearance on the day of the Test (e.g., with or without beard). To view examples of acceptable and unacceptable photographs, please visit LSAT Photo Requirements. It is your responsibility to ensure that your photo image meets the requirements listed above if you are taking the Test. If you receive a message that the upload of your photo was successful, this message does not signify approval of your photo, but only signifies that the uploaded file contains the correct file type and file size. If you have any questions concerning Test photo requirements, please email LSAC at LSACinfo@LSAC.org or call LSAC at 215.968.1001.
- Failure to Schedule the Test by the Test Scheduling Deadline Date: LSAC will automatically rescind and cancel the registration of any Candidate who registers to take the Test but does not schedule their Test administration on or before the applicable Test scheduling deadline date. In the event that LSAC rescinds or cancels the registration of any Candidate who registers to take the Test but does not schedule their Test administration on or before the applicable Test scheduling deadline date, the Candidate is not entitled to any refund of the Candidate’s registration fees.
- Testing Location Requirements. In order for you to take the Test, you must comply with the following requirements regarding the location and workspace that you use to take the Test:
- The location that you use for purposes of taking the Test must be a quiet and private location that is incapable of being viewed or accessed by other individuals during the Test (e.g., you may not take the Test in a location with glass walls, in a cubicle, or in a hotel lobby);
- The workspace that you use for purposes of taking the Test shall contain only those items that are permitted under Section 13 of this Agreement and shall not contain any prohibited items identified in Section 15 or any other items not explicitly permitted by this Agreement;
- At all times during the Test, the computer that you use for purposes of taking the Test must be placed on a desk, table, or countertop;
- At all times during the Test and subject to any accommodations granted by LSAC to you allowing otherwise, you must be seated in a chair so that your eye level is parallel with your computer’s camera view. You must comply with your proctor’s instructions regarding your eye level and your computer’s camera view. You are not permitted to sit on the floor or on anything other than a chair during the Test; and
- You are not permitted to connect your computer to a VPN or hot spot at any time during the Test.
Any failure to abide by the requirements set forth in this Section 6 shall be deemed a violation of the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement. At LSAC’s sole discretion, any violation of the terms and conditions set forth in this Section 6 may result in your dismissal from the Test, cancellation of your Test and Test score, and/or the initiation of proceedings that may lead to a finding of misconduct or irregularity.
- Limitations on Candidates When Taking the Test. If you plan to take the Test within twenty-four (24) months of having supervised or proctored the Test or worked as part of LSAC’s Test staff, you must notify LSAC prior to registering for the Test. Subject to the Intended Use Policy set forth in Section 27 of this Agreement and restrictions on Prohibited Behaviors, LSAC will review your request for registration and may honor the registration or offer an alternative Test date. Any request must be received by LSAC no later than the registration deadline that corresponds with your requested Test date. Failure to abide by this requirement may result in the initiation of proceedings by LSAC that may lead to a finding of misconduct or irregularity. Each Candidate is subject to the following limitations regarding the number of times that the Candidate may take the Test. Each Candidate may take the Test: (a) three (3) times in a single Test year; (b) five (5) times within the current and past five (5) Test years; and (c) seven (7) times over the course of the Candidate’s lifetime. In addition, you will not be permitted to retake the Test if you have already attained a Test score of one hundred eighty (180) within the previous five (5) Test years (which is the period in which LSAC reports Test scores to law schools on your behalf). Please visit Limits on Repeating the Test for further clarification.
Test Timing.The Test consists of four (4) separately timed, thirty-five (35) minute sections. During the time allotted for each section of the Test, you may work only on the applicable section. Once time is called during a section of the Test, you must stop working and no additional inputs may be made on any electronic device, all pencils are to be put down, and no more marks or erasures are to be made on the answer sheet, scratch paper, or test book. You may not start a section of the Test unless and until instructed by the proctor to do so. Failure to follow any instructions contained in this provision may result in your dismissal from the Test and/or the initiation of proceedings that may lead to a finding of misconduct or irregularity.
- Test Candidates: The official time and time remaining for the applicable section of the Test will display on your computer screen. The five (5) minutes remaining warning will display on your computer screen or will be announced by the Test proctor. At the conclusion of the Test, you may not leave your testing area or “camera range” until the Test proctor instructs you to do so. Failure to follow any of the Test proctor’s instructions may result in your dismissal from the Test, cancellation of your Test and Test score, and/or the initiation of proceedings that may lead to a finding of misconduct or irregularity. You may take an analog (nondigital) wristwatch to the Test. No other timepieces, including electronic timers (digital or nondigital), are allowed during the Test.
- Rest Breaks During the Test. Each Candidate will be allotted a standard ten (10) minute break between the second and third sections of the Test (the “Intermission”). During the Intermission, the Candidate is permitted to leave the range of the Candidate’s computer camera view; provided, however, that during the Intermission and during any Authorized Break or Unauthorized Break during the Test, the Candidate understands and agrees that any scratch paper or other Test-related materials must remain in the Candidate’s workspace and in view of the Candidate’s computer camera view, and that the Candidate is prohibited from using a cell phone. EACH CANDIDATE IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED FROM WORKING ON THE TEST DURING THE INTERMISSION, ANY AUTHORIZED BREAK, OR ANY UNAUTHORIZED BREAK FROM THE TEST. EACH CANDIDATE SHALL BE BOUND BY AND SHALL ABIDE BY THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT DURING INTERMISSION, ANY AUTHORIZED BREAK, OR ANY UNAUTHORIZED BREAK FROM THE TEST.
Authorized and Unauthorized Breaks During the Test as an Accommodation.
- Authorized Breaks During the Test: Upon submission of a request for an accommodation to LSAC, any Candidate may be granted an additional break(s) following any section(s) of the Test if the request for an additional break(s) following any section(s) of the Test is approved by LSAC (individually, an “Authorized Break” and, collectively, “Authorized Breaks”). Any request for an Authorized Break following any or all sections of the Test, or any other testing accommodation, must be submitted by the Candidate to LSAC on or before the accommodation request deadline date for the applicable Test. If LSAC approves a request for an Authorized Break as an accommodation, the Candidate approved for such accommodation is permitted to leave the range of such Candidate’s computer camera view during the Authorized Break. Candidates may be approved by LSAC for an additional break as an accommodation regardless of whether the need for a break is directly related to such Candidate’s disability or disabilities. For purposes of this Agreement, any break from the Test that is not considered an Authorized Break shall be considered an “Unauthorized Break.”
- Unauthorized Breaks During the Test: Any Candidate who is not approved by LSAC to receive an Authorized Break as an accommodation for the Test is prohibited from being outside of the view of such Candidate’s computer camera view during any Unauthorized Break that occurs during the Test; provided that any Candidate who requests to leave such Candidate’s computer camera view for purposes of using the restroom shall be permitted to do so as an Unauthorized Break during the Test. In the event that the Candidate takes an Unauthorized Break from the Test for purposes of using the restroom, the clock for such Candidate’s Test shall continue without interruption and such Candidate shall not receive any additional testing time to account for the time lost by the Candidate during the Candidate’s Unauthorized Break during the Test. Any Candidate who takes an Unauthorized Break during the Test will also be subject to the following conditions:
- The Candidate understands and agrees that an incident report will be filed and sent to LSAC indicating that the Candidate received an Unauthorized Break from the Test and that the Candidate’s Test will be subject to further review by LSAC. LSAC reserves the right to issue a finding of misconduct or irregularity and cancel such Candidate’s Test score as a consequence of the Candidate's taking of an Unauthorized Break; and
- The Candidate shall be required to comply with and adhere to the conditions set forth below in Section 11 and shall not be permitted to resume taking the Test following the Unauthorized Break unless and until such continuation of the Test is approved by the Test proctor.
- Candidate Conduct Upon Return from Intermission or Any Break During the Test. Upon the Candidate’s return to the workspace following the conclusion of the Intermission, any Authorized Break, or any Unauthorized Break during the Test, the Candidate will be subject to the following requirements: (a) the Candidate must present photo identification to the Test proctor for review and approval, and (b) the Candidate will be subject to a full scan of the Candidate’s workspace by the Test proctor (as required at the beginning of the Test). ANY CANDIDATE WHO IS RETURNING FROM INTERMISSION OR WHO TAKES ANY AUTHORIZED BREAK OR ANY UNAUTHORIZED BREAK FROM THE TEST SHALL NOT BE PERMITTED TO RESUME TAKING THE TEST FOLLOWING THE INTERMISSION, ANY AUTHORIZED BREAK, OR ANY UNAUTHORIZED BREAK UNLESS AND UNTIL SUCH CONTINUATION IS APPROVED BY THE TEST PROCTOR. AT ITS DISCRETION, LSAC MAY TERMINATE THE TEST OF ANY CANDIDATE WHO FAILS TO RETURN TO THE CANDIDATE’S WORKSPACE WITHIN THE TIME PERIOD ALLOTTED FOR THEIR INTERMISSION, ANY AUTHORIZED BREAK, OR ANY UNAUTHORIZED BREAK (AS APPLICABLE).
- Items Required for the Test. You are required to bring to the Test either a physical international passport or a physical government-issued identification (with such government-issued identification being issued by the United States of America, U.S. Territories, Canada, and/or Australia). Your physical government-issued identification must be current (or if expired, such expiration must have occurred within six (6) months of the Test date) and contain: (a) a recent and recognizable photo of you; (b) your first name (which must match the first name on your registration); (c) your last name (which must match the last name on your registration); and (d) your date of birth. If you do not present an acceptable form of identification, you will be denied access to the Test, LSAC will cancel or rescind your Test registration, and you will forfeit any Test registration fees paid by you to LSAC. If you are denied access to the Test, you will not be eligible for any refunds or reimbursement for any costs incurred by you related to or attributable to your registration for the Test.
- Items Permitted on the Desktop During the Test. During the Test, you may have only the following items on your desktop: tissues; five (5) blank sheets of scratch paper; valid identification; regular or mechanical pencils; ink pens; highlighters; an eraser (no mechanical erasers or erasers with sleeves); a pencil sharpener; soft, non-electronic, non-corded/banded, generic foam ear plugs (which shall be subject to prior inspection and approval by the Test proctor); beverage in a container or juice box (maximum size: 20 oz/591 ml); analog (nondigital) wristwatch. Notwithstanding the foregoing, electronic noise-canceling devices and/or other noise-canceling devices other than generic foam ear plugs approved by LSAC and/or Test proctor are expressly prohibited. Each of these items must be shown to the Test proctor during the security check-in procedure along with both sides of any scratch paper. Failure to follow any instructions contained in this provision may result in cancellation of the Test and/or the initiation of proceedings that may lead to a finding of misconduct or irregularity.
- Prohibition of Electronic Devices for the Test. You may bring one (1) cell phone to the Test to use as a mirror during check-in. Your cell phone must be used solely in accordance with the instructions provided by your Test proctor and as necessary to communicate with the Test proctor if an issue occurs during your taking of the Test. Please note that use of your cell phone during the Test (including all breaks) is strictly prohibited. Prohibited use includes the use of your cell phone as a diabetic meter, glucometer, or otherwise for any medical reason at any time during the Test unless you have been specifically granted an accommodation to use your cell phone for such purpose, as specified in your Accommodation Letter.
Following the check-in process with your proctor, you must keep your cell phone in the room in which you are taking the Test; provided, however, your cell phone must be (a) powered down and (b) face down, out of your arm’s reach, and at a distance and location where it is unable to capture any images on your computer screen. You are prohibited from possessing (or otherwise using) any of the following electronic devices during the Test (including all breaks): timers of any kind, electronic cigarettes, fitness-tracking devices, digital watches (including smart watches), calculator watches, chronograph watches (digital or nondigital), calculators, cameras, recording devices, listening devices (including, but not limited to, headphones, ear buds, air pods and other electronic listening devices and/or noise-canceling devices other than generic foam ear plugs), headsets, iPods, and other media players. In addition to the foregoing, please note that tablets, laptops, and personal computers that are not being used by you to take the Test are not permitted and are expressly prohibited from being in your Test room. The prohibition on electronic devices contained in this provision shall apply during the Intermission, any Authorized Break, or any Unauthorized Break from the Test.
Please be aware that your Test proctor will not allow you to take the Test if any prohibited electronic devices are observed during the room scan portion of the check-in for your Test. Such devices include, but are not limited to, any separate monitors or desktop computers that are nearby during the Test. If your Test session is flagged for a violation during the Test, your audio and video data may be utilized by LSAC in any investigation of your conduct during the Test. If you are discovered to be in possession of (or otherwise using) a prohibited electronic device during the Test (including all breaks), you may be issued an LSAT Violation Notice and the Test proctor may terminate your Test session. Such violations will be grounds for cancellation of the Test score, and you may be subject to an LSAC investigation that may lead to a finding of misconduct or irregularity. LSAC will enforce this policy from the time you complete the security check-in procedure for your Test until the time that the Test proctor announces the conclusion of your Test session.
Prohibited Items for the Test.At all times during the Test, you are required to follow the instructions given by the Test proctor. Any items that are not specifically permitted under Section 13 of this Agreement are explicitly prohibited and may not be accessed or otherwise used by you during the Test. Any suspicious behavior noted by the Test proctor will be grounds for immediate termination of your Test and may result in the issuance of an LSAT Violation Notice to you. Termination of your Test will result in your being subject to LSAC’s score cancellation polices and an LSAC investigation that could lead to a finding of misconduct or irregularity. Any finding of misconduct or irregularity may be shared with any law school to which you apply. With respect to any Candidate taking the Test, the items listed below in this Section may not be accessed or referenced during the administration of the Test; provided, however, you may keep such items in the room during the Test:
- Briefcases, handbags, or backpacks of any kind;
- Hats or hoods, except for those considered religious apparel;
- Sunglasses or other eyewear with tinted lenses;
- Headphones or any other nonmedical listening devices that can be placed in the Candidate’s ears; and
- Books, printed materials, reference materials (including, but not limited to, any books, notes, whiteboards, calendars, notebooks, guides, fliers, or other outside materials), or notes prepared prior to the commencement of the Test.
Please note that if someone else enters your room during the Test, you must ask them to leave the room immediately. If this situation arises, the proctor will determine, at the proctor’s discretion, if and when you will be permitted to continue taking the Test. Please note that entry of any person into the room during the Test will result in your Test being flagged for further review.
Other Prohibited Behaviors.You agree that you will not reproduce, recreate, distribute, or sell, or attempt to reproduce, recreate, distribute, or sell, any portion or all of the Test. You agree that prior, during, and after you take the Test, you will not discard, discuss, disclose, copy, misappropriate, or otherwise share with anyone any information about the Test questions, Test answer choices, Test content, or any of LSAC’s intellectual property related to the Test, whether orally, in writing, on the Internet, or via any other means or media, nor will you assist any person or entity in doing so. Any such reproduction, recreation, distribution, sale, discarding, discussion, sharing, disclosure, copying, or misappropriation could constitute a crime and may result in the pursuit of enforcement actions against you, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that could result in civil or criminal penalties or termination of your Test.
In addition to the foregoing, you agree not to engage in any of the following behaviors in connection with taking the Test (collectively, "Prohibited Behaviors"):
- Filling in or altering responses to any multiple-choice questions or continuing to write after time has been called. This means that you cannot make any changes to a Test section outside of the designated time for that section, even to fix a stray mark or accidental keystroke.
- Reviewing or otherwise looking at a Test section on which time has already been called.
- Moving ahead in the Test to a section that is not yet authorized for you.
- Looking at or requesting another person’s Test or answers.
- Giving, receiving, or requesting assistance by any means.
- Discussing or sharing Test questions, Test answers, or Test form identification numbers at any time, including during the Test administration, during the Intermission, during any Authorized Break, during any Unauthorized Break from the Test, or after the Test.
- Attempting to photograph, copy, or memorize Test-related information or removing Test materials, including any questions, answers, or notes, from the Test room in any way or at any time.
- Removing, reproducing, or disclosing by any means (e.g., in hardcopy format, verbally, electronically, etc.) any Test materials to any person or entity either during or after the Test. Legal action may be taken against anyone who removes any Test material and/or reproduces or discloses any Test material in any way, or shares any Test content prior to LSAC’s disclosure of the applicable Test to the general public.
- Disclosing Test questions or answers in any way or at any time, in whole or in part, including through social media.
- Using notes, dictionaries, or any other item that may aid or otherwise assist you during the Test.
- Not following instructions or abiding by the rules of LSAC or the Test proctor.
- Exhibiting inappropriate, confrontational, threatening, or unruly behavior.
- Violating any laws, statutes, or regulations. If LSAC suspects you have engaged in criminal activities in connection with a Test, such activities may be reported to law enforcement agencies.
- Smoking and/or vaping.
- Except for during the Intermission and any Authorized Break, you may not leave the vicinity of the Test room during the Test session or during any Unauthorized Break, except as directed by LSAC and/or the Test proctor.
- Allowing your face to leave the view of your computer’s webcam except during the Intermission or any Authorized Break subject to the terms and conditions set forth in Sections 9 and 10 of this Agreement.
- Leaving your seat except during the Intermission or any Authorized Break subject to the terms and conditions set forth in Sections 9 and 10 of this Agreement.
- At any time during the Test, sleeping or being observed with your eyes closed for a period of time, including during any Authorized Break or Unauthorized Break. This prohibition applies to any Candidate taking the Test, including any Candidate who is approved for an accommodation by LSAC.
- Unless pre-approved by LSAC as an accommodation, operating or running any other software applications.
- Connecting or disconnecting any external storage device to your computer.
- Copying, saving, attempting to copy, or attempting to save any Test material or written notes on your computer.
Use of Restrooms During the Test.You should use the restroom prior to check-in to the Test. After you check-in to the Test, you will not be permitted to leave the view of the camera until after the completion of the Test, except for during the Intermission, any Authorized Break, or any Unauthorized Break as described in Sections 9 and 10 of this Agreement.
Disability-Based Accommodations.Some of the terms, conditions, rules, or policies set forth or referenced in this Agreement may be modified for you if you are approved to receive disability-based testing accommodations on the Test. Any such modifications are limited to the testing accommodations specifically approved and listed in your Accommodation Letter, which shall be provided to you via your online LSAC account. LSAC and its vendors strive to satisfy the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 Level AA and related W3C guidelines for guidance in meeting accessibility commitments. For more information, you may access the LSAC Digital Accessibility Policy. If you encounter any barrier with any product or service during the Test, you must notify LSAC via email at accessibility@LSAC.org. If you have any questions about using assistive technology for the Test and require further assistance, please contact LSAC’s Technical Support Services via telephone at 215.968.1001. Since some technological issues require additional efforts to explain or remediate, you are strongly encouraged to raise such concerns as early as possible. Notwithstanding the foregoing, this section shall not impact, sever, waive, or otherwise limit any other provision set forth in this Agreement.
- Prohibited Behavior Observed or Suspected by the Test Proctor. Third-party Test proctors will monitor you during your Test via your computer’s webcam. If you are observed or suspected of engaging in any Prohibited Behavior, the Test proctor has the right to discontinue your Test administration and log their observations on an irregularity report for submission to LSAC. At its sole discretion, LSAC reserves the right to review irregularity reports and take action in response. As a result of an irregularity report being issued, LSAC may elect not to score your Test or to cancel your previously reported Test score. Any such decision by LSAC is final and shall not be subject to appeal. If your Test is canceled pursuant to this section, you forfeit your registration fees for the canceled Test and no refund of your registration fees will be issued to you by LSAC. The Test proctor is not required to give you any notice or warning if the Test proctor observes any Prohibited Behavior or suspected Prohibited Behavior.
- Test Score Cancellation. Beginning at midnight (12:00 a.m. ET) on the day following your Test administration and continuing for a period of six (6) calendar days thereafter, you may elect to cancel your Test score via your online LSAC account. The Test score cancellation option will expire at 11:59:59 p.m. ET on the seventh (7th) day following the date of your Test administration. The Test score cancellation option can be accessed via your online LSAC account under the LSAT tab and the subheading “LSAT Status” in the “Administration Date” column under the applicable Test date. After you have confirmed your intention to cancel your Test score, your Test score will be canceled for the applicable Test administration. Test score cancellation requests are irreversible and cannot be rescinded by you at any time after you submit your Test score cancellation request. LSAC will not honor or accept any Test score cancellation requests that are not submitted online via the method described in this section.
- Decision Not to Complete the Test Due to Illness or Otherwise. If you become ill during any part of the Test, you may decide not to complete the Test. If you decide not to complete the Test, you are required to raise your hand and wait for permission from the proctor to leave the Test. If you leave the Test due to illness or for any other reason and decide not to complete the Test, you will not be permitted to resume taking the Test for any reason and your Test registration fees will be forfeited and will not be refunded by LSAC. Please note that your Test score will not be automatically canceled if you decide to leave the Test early due to illness or for any other reason. In order to cancel your Test score, you must cancel your Test score in accordance with the method described in Section 21 above.
Test Issues/Complaints/Feedback.If you encounter any issue during Test administration, and you wish to submit either a complaint or feedback to LSAC, you must follow the Procedure for Submitting Complaints in Section 23(a) below or the Procedure for Submitting Feedback in Section 23(b) below (as applicable):
- Procedure for Submitting Complaints: If you want to submit an official Test complaint, you must visit the LSAT Status page of your LSAC online account and then click the “Submit Test Day Complaint or Feedback” link for the applicable Test administration. In order to submit an official Test complaint, you must: (1) select the appropriate “Complaint Category”; (2) select the appropriate “Complaint Type”; (3) describe your issue; (4) click the “This is an official LSAT complaint” button; and (5) submit your complaint. LSAC will investigate the issues and concerns identified in your complaint. During any such investigation of an issue or complaint, LSAC will place a hold on your file pending the results of its investigation. This placement of a hold on your account may result in a delay in the reporting of your Test score and a delay in the issuance of your Credential Assembly Service (CAS) law school reports. If you elect to submit an official Test complaint, you will be able to elect whether to keep your Test score or cancel your Test score following LSAC’s investigation of your complaint. If LSAC’s investigation confirms that your complaint is valid and you decide to cancel your Test score, LSAC may provide you with free registration for a single instance of a future Test that must be used within the next three (3) consecutive Test administrations after the Test administration for which you canceled your Test score; provided that you must inform LSAC, at the time that you cancel your Test score, of the specific Test administration within the next three (3) consecutive Test administrations that you will be retaking the Test; and, provided, further, that if LSAC is unable to administer the Test to you during the next three (3) consecutive Test administrations after the Test administration for which you cancelled your score, then LSAC will provide you with free registration for a future Test administration. If LSAC does not confirm that your complaint is valid, you will be able to elect whether to keep your Test score or cancel your Test score following the completion of LSAC’s investigation of your complaint; provided, however, you will not be entitled to free registration for a single instance of a future Test if LSAC’s investigation does not result in the verification of your complaint. In order for your complaint to be investigated by LSAC, your complaint must be entered into your online account within three (3) calendar days of the date of your applicable Test administration starting from the day after your Test administration.
- Procedure for Submitting Feedback: If you want to submit feedback rather than an official Test complaint, you must visit the LSAT Status page of your LSAC online account and then click the “Submit Test Day Complaint or Feedback” link for the applicable Test administration. In order to submit feedback to LSAC, you must: (1) select the appropriate “Complaint Category”; (2) select the appropriate “Complaint Type”; (3) describe your issue; (4) click the “This is not an official LSAT complaint” button; and (5) submit your feedback. In your submission, it is your responsibility and obligation to indicate that you would like LSAC to address your issue as “feedback” rather than a “complaint.” Your indication that the communication is to be regarded as “feedback” rather than a “complaint” is necessary to prevent the placement of a hold on your LSAC file. If you submit feedback, LSAC will use the information you provide to help improve the Test experience going forward. LSAC will not place a hold on your LSAC file, and no additional remedies (e.g., extension of the cancellation period, free registration for a future Test during the next three (3) consecutive Test administrations, etc.) will be provided to you. In order for your feedback to be reviewed by LSAC, your feedback must be received within three (3) calendar days of the date of your applicable Test administration.
Compromises in the Registration, Testing, Test Scoring, or Test Score Reporting Processes, and Group Irregularities.LSAC takes significant steps that are intended to provide you a fair, standardized Test process. However, in some cases circumstances may prevent this from occurring. Such circumstances may include, but shall not be limited to, the occurrence of the following:
- Deviations from standard testing procedures such as events that cause the Test to be canceled or interrupted, or a mistiming on any part of the Test;
- Errors, delays, or other nonstandard circumstances in (a) processing Test registrations, (b) administering the Test, (c) preparing, handling, shipping, processing, or scoring the Test, or (d) reporting Test scores;
- Circumstances that raise concerns about the possibility of Prohibited Behavior that may have affected a group of Candidates. Such circumstances include, but are not limited to, evidence of advance access to Test content or inappropriate conduct during any Test administration; or
- Any other events that disrupt or compromise any part of the Test process (e.g., registration, Test distribution, testing, Test scoring, and Test score reporting).
In the unlikely event any such circumstance occurs, LSAC will review the situation and determine whether it needs to take any action, including, but not limited to, not scoring the Test or cancellation of the Test scores for that administration of the Test. If LSAC determines that it needs to take action, LSAC will, at its sole discretion: (a) correct the error (if an error occurred and LSAC believes correction is feasible); (b) not score the Test or cancel the Test score and offer each affected Candidate the option to retake the Test at no additional fee; or (c) not score the Test or cancel the Test score and offer a refund to each affected Candidate.
The remedies listed in this section are the exclusive remedies available to Candidates for the circumstances described in this section.
Decisions made by LSAC pursuant to this section are final and are not subject to any appeal. If LSAC offers a re-Test and you select that option, you must retake the entire Test, in its whole, to produce a valid Test score.
Test Security Policies; Investigations.As part of its efforts to protect the fairness of the Test and the integrity of Test scores, LSAC may conduct investigations into the security of its Test materials and the Test process (collectively, “Test Security Investigations”). You agree to cooperate with any Test Security Investigation. LSAC reserves the right to withhold and not report any Test score pending the outcome of a Test Security Investigation. Sometimes, Test Security Investigations may produce evidence that calls into question the validity of specific scores and may cause LSAC to initiate a misconduct or irregularity action against you. In other cases, Test Security Investigations may produce evidence that calls into question the validity of a group of scores (e.g., all scores achieved on a specific Test date) and may result in LSAC taking action with respect to that group of Candidates.
- Consequences of Violating Test Security Policies. Any violation of any of the terms and conditions related to the security of the Test materials and/or the integrity of the Test process may result in cancellation and/or rescission of the Candidate’s registration, denial of entry to or immediate dismissal from the Test, cancellation of the Candidate’s Test scores, and/or a prohibition on the Candidate from taking the Test in the future. The duration of the prohibition imposed on any Candidate from taking the Test may vary depending on the circumstances and severity of the violation of the Test security policies, as determined by LSAC at LSAC’s sole discretion.
In addition to taking action regarding the Candidate’s Test score, LSAC may, at its sole discretion, decide as part of a Test Security Investigation that additional steps are appropriate. In instances where the Prohibited Behavior is or might be ongoing or rises to the level of a criminal act (e.g., coordinated group efforts to steal and disseminate LSAC’s secure Test content; activities involving someone else taking the Test for another person or altering Test responses; theft; disclosure of, or access to, Test content or responses to secure Test questions; or other serious or potentially ongoing misconduct), LSAC may take additional steps including, but not limited to, the following actions:
- Disclosure of Investigative Information: LSAC reserves the right to disclose details of a Test Security Investigation to anyone who may be able to assist LSAC in the Test Security Investigation or who may have an interest in their own independent investigation. This includes, but is not limited to, law enforcement, law schools, score recipients, and any third party assisting LSAC in the investigation. These disclosure rights aid in protecting the integrity and fairness of the Test process and benefit Candidates and Test score recipients who properly obtain their Test scores. By entering into this Agreement, you consent to these disclosures and release LSAC from any and all liability it may have or incur for exercising its right to make such disclosures. LSAC may disclose the evidence on which any finding is based (including, but not limited to, any audio/video recordings of the Test) to any law school that receives your Test scores.
- Disclosure of Misconduct Finding: If you are found by LSAC to have engaged in any act that is prohibited under this Agreement that affects, impacts, or otherwise impairs the validity of your scores on the Test or the scores of any other Candidate(s) taking the Test, LSAC may disclose such conduct to any law school that receives your Test scores and to any third party with a legitimate reason for knowing that information.
- Intended Use Policy. In accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the Certifying Statement, each Candidate for the Test is permitted to take the Test solely for the purpose of being considered for admission to law school (the “Intended Purpose”). Each Candidate certifies that the Candidate will neither assist nor receive assistance from any other person or entity during the Test. Each Candidate agrees not to discuss, share, disclose, copy, or otherwise misappropriate the Test or any intellectual property related to the Test, whether orally, in writing, on the Internet or via any other means or media, nor assist any person or entity in doing so. If the Candidate is not taking the Test for the Intended Purpose, the Candidate is not permitted to register for and/or take the Test. If LSAC, at its sole and reasonable discretion, determines that the Candidate is not taking the Test for the Intended Purpose, LSAC can prohibit the Candidate from registering for the Test, cancel or rescind the Candidate’s registration for the Test, cancel the Candidate’s Test score, and/or subject the Candidate to a Test Security Investigation. At LSAC’s sole discretion, LSAC may determine that, as part of a Test Security Investigation, additional steps identified in Sections 25 and 26 of this Agreement will be imposed on the Candidate.
LSAC may prohibit any Candidate from taking the Test, even if the Candidate has registered, if LSAC has reason to believe that the Candidate:
- has engaged in any Prohibited Behavior or otherwise violated the terms of this Agreement in connection with a prior or future administration of the Test;
- intends to engage in any Prohibited Behavior or otherwise violate the terms of this Agreement in the future;
- has provided false or misleading information to LSAC or any third party relating to the taking of the Test;
- is working for a Test-preparation service provider or similar type of entity; or
- is engaging or has otherwise engaged in any behavior that may threaten or has threatened the integrity of the Test.
LSAC reviews Test registrations and Test administrations to ensure that each Candidate is taking the Test for the Intended Purpose. If LSAC determines that the Candidate is not taking the Test for the Intended Purpose, LSAC will send to the Candidate a written communication indicating that the Candidate is suspected of violating LSAC’s Intended Use Policy along with the consequences for the Candidate’s violation of the Intended Use Policy. The Candidate shall have five (5) business days from the date that LSAC sends written notice of the violation of the Intended Use Policy to the Candidate to provide a detailed explanation for the Candidate’s conduct. Such explanation must include an explanation as to why the Candidate’s conduct is not a violation of LSAC’s Intended Use Policy. Following LSAC’s receipt of the Candidate’s explanation of the Candidate’s conduct, LSAC will submit the Candidate’s explanation to LSAC’s Test Security Committee for review. Within five (5) business days of LSAC’s receipt of the Candidate’s explanation, the LSAC Test Security Committee will issue its finding as to whether the Candidate’s conduct resulted in a violation of LSAC’s Intended Use Policy. Any and all determinations issued by LSAC’s Test Security Committee shall be final and shall not be subject to any further appeal by the Candidate. If the Candidate does not submit a detailed explanation of the Candidate’s conduct including an explanation as to why the Candidate’s conduct should not be deemed a violation of LSAC’s Intended Use Policy within five (5) business days of the date that LSAC sends notice of the violation of the Intended Use Policy to the Candidate, then the Candidate’s violation of LSAC’s Intended Use Policy shall be deemed final and unappealable.
Any violation of LSAC’s Intended Use Policy may result in cancellation or rescission of the Candidate’s registration and a refund of any registration fees paid by the Candidate for the canceled Test. In addition to cancellation and/or rescission of the Candidate’s registration, LSAC reserves the right to investigate and cancel the Test scores of any Candidate suspected of attempting to steal or share any Test content or violating any of the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement.
Delivery of the Candidate’s Test Scores.You will receive an email notification indicating that you may view your Test score in your online LSAC account. Your Test score, percentile, score band, and related Test documents will also be available in your online account. Posting of your Test score, percentile, and score band may be delayed due to various circumstances, including file holds, late receipt of Test materials, or other issues.
If you take a nondisclosed Test, you will receive only your Test score following the Test. You will not receive Test disclosure information, such as a copy of the Test questions, a list of the correct Test responses, a copy of your Test answer sheet, or the score conversion table for your Test. For further clarification, please visit Disclosed and Nondisclosed LSATs.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY AND DAMAGES.TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, LSAC’S TOTAL LIABILITY TO YOU, OR ANYONE CLAIMING BY OR THROUGH YOU OR ON YOUR BEHALF, FOR ANY CLAIMS, LOSSES, COSTS, OR DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF, RESULTING FROM, OR IN ANY WAY RELATED TO THE TEST, FROM ANY CAUSE, SHALL NOT EXCEED THE TEST REGISTRATION FEES YOU PAID TO LSAC, OR $200, WHICHEVER AMOUNT SHALL BE GREATER. TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IN NO EVENT SHALL LSAC BE LIABLE TO YOU, OR ANYONE CLAIMING BY OR THROUGH YOU OR ON YOUR BEHALF, FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECULATIVE, INCIDENTAL (INCLUDING ANY DAMAGES INCURRED DUE TO A LOSS OF OPPORTUNITY, INCOME, OR PROFITS; LOSS OF INFORMATION; BUSINESS INTERRUPTION; TRAVEL AND LODGING EXPENSES; TEST-PREPARATION COURSE FEES; OR THE LIKE, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER OR HOW THESE ARE CLASSIFIED AS DAMAGES), EXEMPLARY, OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, OR FOR ATTORNEYS’ FEES, EXPENSES, EXPERT WITNESS FEES, OR COSTS, WHETHER ARISING OUT OF BREACH OF CONTRACT, TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), STRICT LIABILITY, PRODUCT LIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE AND REGARDLESS OF WHETHER SUCH LOSS OR DAMAGE WAS FORESEEABLE OR YOU HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH LOSS OR DAMAGE.
LSAC’s Intellectual Property Rights.All Tests, Test-related documents and materials, and Test preparation materials are copyrighted works owned by LSAC and protected by the laws of the United States of America and other countries. Secure Tests and Test questions (e.g., Tests and Test questions that are not made available by LSAC to the general public) may not be copied, shared, discussed, or disclosed at any time or in any manner whatsoever. Test-related materials that LSAC has made available to the general public, such as materials designated by LSAC as practice or sample Tests, may not be copied, duplicated, or used in any other works, in whole or in part, without the prior written approval of LSAC.
- Liquidated Damages for Violation of LSAC’s Intellectual Property Rights: Any copying, sharing, misappropriation, discussing, or disclosing of LSAC’s Test, Test questions, or Test-related documents and materials is a direct violation of the terms and conditions of this Agreement. By entering into this Agreement, you hereby agree that in the event of any such violation on your part, you will be liable to LSAC for liquidated damages in the amount of Five Hundred Thousand Dollars ($500,000). You expressly agree that the liquidated damages payable under this Agreement do not constitute a penalty and you agree that the amount of such liquidated damages is reasonable in light of the anticipated harm caused by the breach related thereto and the difficulties of proof of loss and inconvenience or non-feasibility of obtaining any adequate remedy. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in addition to any liquidated damages awarded to LSAC under this provision, LSAC may pursue injunctive relief in a court of law for any such violation of its intellectual property rights and refer such violation to law enforcement authorities as set forth in subsection (b) below.
- Additional Consequences for Violation of LSAC’s Intellectual Property Rights: LSAC may pursue all available civil and criminal remedies if its intellectual property rights are violated, including, but not limited to, seeking damages and injunctive relief in a court of law and referring such violations to law enforcement authorities for criminal prosecution. LSAC reserves the right to pursue all suitable courses of action to prevent fraudulent or unauthorized use, disclosure, copying, misappropriation, or sharing of its property and to prevent the compromise of secure Test materials.
- LSAC Ownership of Test Materials: LSAC retains complete ownership rights to the Test and all Test materials, including Test answers. LSAC owns all answers and answer documents you submit, including all written responses, as well as all Test score-related data maintained by LSAC. The Test score, percentile, and score band that LSAC provides you may not be altered, and, if LSAC cancels your Test score, you may not provide such Test score to any third party.
Ongoing Duty.You certify that all the information contained in this Agreement, as well as information and materials submitted to LSAC for your LSAC file (including your self-managed online LSAC account) and any information you submit to any third party for purposes of taking the Test, are complete and accurate. You understand that you are responsible for the completeness and accuracy of all the biographical information contained in this Agreement. You certify that you have read the most current policies at LSAC.org and agree to be bound by such policies. Your online LSAC account provides a great deal of information about your activity with LSAC and with the law schools to which you apply. It is your responsibility to manage your account actively to ensure that all relevant information is received, that all information is current and correct, and that all deadlines are met by you. You represent and warrant that all information provided by you to register for your online LSAC account is complete, accurate, and current. It is your responsibility to make sure all biographical information in your LSAC file is correct, accurate, and consistent (e.g., name, date of birth, and LSAC account number). If you need to make any changes to your biographical information, including your first name, last name, or date of birth, you must submit such changes through your LSAC account. For verification purposes, all requests for changes to your date of birth must also include supporting documentation. Requests for changes received without the required supporting documentation will not be processed. Your failure to provide accurate and consistent information could prevent you from taking the Test or could result in errors, processing delays, file reviews, and possible referral for a misconduct or irregularity investigation. Should LSAC become aware of a discrepancy in your biographical data, you will be notified in writing and asked to provide the correct data in writing. In some instances, a reporting hold may be placed on your file until the matter is resolved. This hold will prevent your Test score from being released and will prevent CAS Law School Reports from being sent to the law schools to which you apply.
Governing Law.These terms shall be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, USA, without giving effect to choice of law principles, and shall not be governed by the United Nations Convention for International Sales of Goods, the application of which is expressly excluded.
Severability.If any provision or part of this Agreement is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, illegal, or unenforceable, the remaining provisions will nevertheless continue in full force without being impaired or invalidated in any way; and, to the greatest extent possible, the invalid, illegal, or unenforceable provision shall be modified so that it is valid, legal, enforceable and, to the fullest extent possible, reflects the intention of the parties.
No Third-Party Beneficiary.This Agreement does not create a third-party beneficiary relationship between LSAC and any individual or entity other than you.
No Agency.LSAC collects, stores, and distributes information about you and transmits it to law schools in accordance with LSAC’s policies. LSAC also provides you with information about law schools. LSAC’s role in the collection, storage, and transmission of information does not mean that LSAC is your agent or an agent of any law school. LSAC has no authority to alter or waive any requirement of any law school. Any disputes between you and a law school must be resolved directly between you and the applicable law school.
- Certifying Statement for Test Candidates. Prior to taking the Test, you must follow the instructions provided by LSAC for acknowledging and agreeing to the Certifying Statement. These instructions may include reading the Certifying Statement aloud to the Test proctor, checking a box to indicate that you acknowledge and agree to the Certifying Statement, agreeing to and signing the Certifying Statement, or acknowledging and agreeing to the Certifying Statement via other methods provided by LSAC. If you do not follow the instructions provided by LSAC for acknowledging and agreeing to the Certifying Statement prior to taking the Test, you will not be permitted to take the Test.
Notice.By entering into this Agreement, you consent to the delivery of any legally required notices to the email address associated with your online LSAC account at the time such notice is sent to you.
Accessibility of this Agreement.If you have difficulty accessing this Agreement and/or any of LSAC’s policies referred to in this Agreement, please contact LSAC’s contact and support at accessibility@LSAC.org in advance of registering for and/or taking the Test. LSAC will be happy to provide this Agreement in an alternative format, or to assist you in some other manner as is reasonably necessary to enable you to access this Agreement.